THE VERDICT - from Scottish Courts Service - read the officila full verdict from the Court in Camp Zeist - more than 80 pages of explanations for sending Megrahi to Glasgow Prison and letting Fhima go free.
SPECIAL FEATURE: The Verdict - a NEW page, updated around the hour, with latest news, interviews, opinions, reports and pictures from judgment day at Camp Zeist !
New Lockerbie Bombing Trial website
A new legal website has been broadcast on the internet. It is allegedly built by Scotlands top defence-lawyers and legal experts. The site contains legal analysis of the various issues and upcoming evidence and testimony. However, access to the website is admissable on credit card payment. For an amount of between £10 and £500 a month, viwers may join chat-room sessions with direct interview of legal experts each day of the trial. A present free-trial version is currently available at this URL:
For all those with a legal interest in the upcoming Lockerbie Trial,
you are invited in participating to write a legal paper or comment for
the International Legal Perspectives (ILP) in Oregon, USA, who
is pleased to announce its upcoming Lockerbie Trials Special Issue.
HERE to read more!
Tools of a trial
It is the first time in modern history of law that national Scottish
law is being used in a criminal case in a third country. In order to understand
what is going on in the courthouse and outside, one must learn a little
about Scottish criminal procedure and law. Scottish law differs mutch from
US law and even British law. Explore the links below for better information:
Why is Scottish law used in the Lockerbie trial ?
Victims of Pan Am flight 103 came from different countries, the bomb
could have been put aboard in Malta, Germany or London, the carrier was
an American flight. But the bomb went off in Scottish airspace. It was
a logical solution to apply Scottish law to the criminal trial due to venue
of the crime domus delictis
Why is the trial taking place in the Netherlands ?
Why the trial is taking place in the Netherlands is a good question.
It is unheard of in international criminal law. But the Netherlands was
chosen by the interacting parties (Libya, Scotland, UK and USA) by way
of agreement (treaty), and not by the normal rules of international law.
The main reason was that Libya feared their citizens would not get a fair
trial if tried in the US, UK or Scotland, and the US, UK and Scotland feared
the suspects wouldn't get a fair trial in Libya. Thus everybody met in
a "neutral" place. Another crucial document, a UN Order in Council giving
effect to Security Council resolutions relating to the trial documents,
was drawn up when the compromise was agreed.
of the charges
The charges against the two men accused of the Lockerbie bombing are
outlined in the Petition upon which warrant for arrest was issued by the
Sheriff of South Strathclyde, Dumfries and Galloway on 13 November 1991.
The trial will proceed on the basis of an indictment, yet to be served
on the accused, which will contain charges similar to those in the petition.
The charges contained in the Petition are: conspiracy to murder, murder
and contravention of the Aviation Security Act 1982(e). Clare Connelly
(University of Glasgow) has prepared an easy-to-read overview of the charges
Read the official Scottish petition for
indicting the two Libyan suspects. The petition from 1991 is the basis
for the prosecution's case in the Lockerbie Trial.
NEW!: October 29th, the indictment has been served upon the two Libyan's accused of the bombing of the airliner. The charges remain whooly similar to those in the petition but instances of the narrative have changed.
The official trial indictment,
courtesy of Glasgow University's Law Faculty at http://www.law.gla.ac.uk/lockerbie/ .
Read also the official US indictment from November 14 1991 aginst the
suspects at http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/5260/indict.html
but bear in mind, that the American indictment will play NO
role at the upcoming Lockerbie Trial in Zeist.
The legal framework
Main differences between American and Scottish legal procedure in this particular Lockerbie trial
Serious offences in Scotland are normally tried with a jury. But there
will be no jury in this case. The Lord Justice Clerk, one of the Scotlands
most senior legal officers, will appoint three judges to hear the case.
A fourth judge will be appointed to sit in the court, but not take any
in the decision unless one of the judges dies or is absent for a prolonged
procedure in the Lockerbie trial
Alistair J Bonnington (University of Glasgow) has compiled a short
article about the exact crimnal procedures in the Lockerbie trial. Read
more about how the beginning of the trial will be, what tools are being
used, appeals and the relevant legal procedures.
How is the Lockerbie case being proved ?
The trial begins with witnesses being called and the prosecution must
prove its case ''beyond reasonable doubt''. The judges must give
written reasons for any conviction and that result must be reached by a
majority verdict. If a conviction is secured (guilty), the men will
be able to appeal to a panel of five judges. Another possibility is that
the accused will be proved innocent (not guilty).
But Scottish law allows for a third verdict to be reached - ''not proven''.
This is an acquittal and a person cannot be tried again if that verdict
proof in the Lockerbie case
Fraser Davidson (University of Glasgow University) has compiled a good
explenation of how the prosecution and the judges in the Lockerbie trial
must work in order to reach a verdict.
Legal terms used in relation to the Lockerbie
Prof. John P. Grant (University of Glasgow School of Law) has compiled
a list of useful definitions for some of the legal terms used in the Lockerbie
trial. This glossary list will be updated as the trial progresses and the
latest version can be found on the LTB Web site: www.law.gla.ac.uk/lockerbie/
If you have any ideas or comments to THIS website, you are more than welcome
to email me. My email address is firstname.lastname@example.org
Trial news update
Latest update on what happened in the courtroom and outside. Who took
the stand, what evidence was provided, who attended the trial and why.
Updated on an everyday basis.
An index of various handpicked articles, interviews or overviews on
items related to the trial and the bombing of Pan Am 103.
What will happen next ? Find all important timetables, dates and alerts
to upcoming events at the courthouse in Zeist.
For visitors, relatives, journalists and others interested in the trial
of the century. How to get there, whom to talk to. Addresses, phone, fax
temporary Lockerbie Trial page
If you can't wait to read about the trial, take a look at the old,
provisionary trial website from the Pan Am 103/Lockerbie Crash page. It
contains some background information, including the official indictment
of the two Libyan suspects.